THINGS TO KNOW FOR MIXING
- Use different Speakers and Headphones
- Room Treatment !!! ( this have a big impact )
- Use a reference Track ( turn it down 3 db [Dave Pensado], other mixer engineer like to turn down 10 db)
- Please note that it is normal that your own Mix with your own tracks sound less good than the mix of someone else.
- Why sometime 1h mix is better than 12 hours mix ? 1h => Goes to the essential | 12h => being to technical
- Rules are here to be ignored not broken.
- Always check your mix in Mono : if in mono the mix sounds good : In Stereo should not be a problem ( phase / correlation, etc )
- Always start to mix after a Gain Stagging / Balance.
Always Mix at the same Volume to feel the difference between mixes
- Technic 1 : With a master reference track
- Take a wav ref track into the daw, put it at -10dB, put your 'Mixer output physical knob' at 2 o' clock,
set the volume of the RME to what you like (Max 85dB, for myself romain 75dB), your speakers are now calibrated, now always mix at 2 o'clock
- When Mastering a song put the knob at 10 o'clock
- Technic 2 : With Pink Noise
- Put Pink Noise in the daw at -20dB. Use an SPL App (C Slow threshold), and be sure you get the same amount of dB when pan Left and Right.(Max 85dB)
Impedance Amp & Speakers
In general try to have always the same impedance between Amp and Speakers.
Otherwise read below :
- If Amp Impedance < Speaker Impedance = OK = 4 ohms < 8 ohms
- If Amp Impedance > Speaker Impedance = Boom DANGER !! = 8 ohms > 4 ohms
- Better to use headphone to hear the difference when editing the track ( with speakers you may over-editing, over-boost,over-cut)
- If you mix with headphones take a break every 15 / 30 min, and use a different pair of headphone (if possible)
- Do not only mix wiht headphone ! Always check with speakers !
- Do not use headphone at Full Level Volume. ( When mixing very Low Volume, you should be able to hear : Snare, vocal, maybe the kick-Drum)
- Avoid to Edit Reverb with Headphone ! ( very difficult to evaluate th depth)
dBu dBV dBFS LUFS
- 0 dBu = 0.775 Volts (analog)
- 0 dBV = 1 Volt
- 0 dBu = -18 dBFS[full scale] = 100 dBSPL[Sound Presure Level] at 1 meter (Vu meter at 0)
- -10 dBV : Consumer (Hifi system)
- +4 dBFS : Professional quality (Sweet Spot)